"The jury has the right to determine both the law and the facts"
~ Samuel Chase,
US Supreme Court Chief Justice 1796
"The Jury has the power to bring a verdict in the teeth of both law and fact"
~ Oliver Wendell Holme, Chief Justice
"The law itself is on trial quite as much as the case which is to be decided"
~ Judge Harlan F. Stone,
Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, 1941-1946
Anglo-Saxon common law right of claiming a "necessity" to break the law,
because doing so prevented a greater harm... ~ Rob Waddell
Only registered voters are called to serve on juries. Most cannabis trials by jury are deterred by 404 gag rules and mandatory minimum sentencing. Plea bargains make up the majority along with $4500 rehabilitation facilities and urine testing, monitoring and probation costs.
Canadian Jury nullification
Tell Attorney General Holder:
Protect Every Citizen's Right to Vote
Today, 30 states have passed laws requiring voters to present identification to vote, and in 15 of those states, voters must present a government-issued photo ID. These laws will result in untold numbers of legal voters being turned away from the polls because over 21 million Americans do not have government-issued photo identification. Obtaining a photo ID presents a substantial — and unnecessary — barrier for many of our nation's citizens. There is no credible evidence that in-person impersonation voter fraud — the only type of fraud that photo IDs could prevent — is even a minor problem in our country.
The attacks are not just limited to voter ID. Some states are engaging in other voter suppression tactics like restricting voter registration drives and reducing the amount of time for early voting. All these laws disfranchise eligible voters — especially racial and ethnic minorities, the elderly, low-income individuals, students, and voters with disabilities.
The Voting Rights Act vests significant authority in the Department of Justice to ensure laws are not implemented in a discriminatory manner. Because of some states' troubling history of voter suppression, any changes in their elections laws are subject to approval — or "pre-clearance" — by the Justice Department under Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act. In jurisdictions not covered by Section 5, the Department must ensure that these laws are implemented in a way that does not discriminate against protected groups in violation of Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act.
Established in 1965, the ACLU Voting Rights Project has worked to protect the gains in political participation won by racial and language minorities since passage of the historic Voting Rights Act (VRA) that same year. The Project has filed more than 300 lawsuits to enforce the provisions of the VRA and the U.S. Constitution.
Voting Rights in Indian Country
A report highlighting challenges on behalf of American Indians in five western states — Colorado, Montana, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Wyoming to a variety of discriminatory election practices with special attention to the Voting Rights Act of 1965, its laws, restrictions, and rules, as well as subsequent amendments.
The Ganjawar Comes to the The Rez
Know Your Voting Rights - State by State
The Voting Rights Project of the ACLU is dedicated to providing citizens with information about and assistance in exercising their right to vote. Visit the page and click on the links for detailed information about voting in your state, and check out our quick tips for voters before you head to the polls.
Stealing America: Vote By Vote
The spirit was freedom and justice
And it's keepers seem generous and kind
It's leaders were supposed to serve the country
But now they won't pay it no mind
'Cause the people grew fat and got lazy
And now their vote is a meaningless joke
They babble about law and order
But it's all just an echo of what they've been told
Yeah, there's a monster on the loose
It's got our heads into a noose
And it just sits there watchin'
~ Steppenwolf - Monster
End The Drug War, Face Jim Crow
US: Michelle Alexander: Flanders, Laura The Nation 31 Jul 2011
The NAACP has just passed a historic resolution  demanding an end to the War on Drugs. The resolution comes as young black male unemployment hovers near 50 percent and the wealth gap has become a veritable gulf . So why is the forty-year-old "War on Drugs" public enemy number one for the nation's oldest civil rights organization? Well, here's why: it's not extraneous, it's central: the war on drugs is the engine of twenty-first-century discrimination--an engine that has brought Jim Crow into the age of Barack Obama.
The Racial Justice Program aims to preserve and extend the constitutional rights of people of color. Committed to combating racism in all its forms, our advocacy includes litigation, community organizing and training, legislative initiatives, and public education.
Racism: One More Reason To Legalize Pot
US DC: Washington City Paper (DC) 04 Aug 2011
NORML To Mayor Bloomberg:
Stop Arresting So Many Minorities For Marijuana!
Bloomberg Gives With One Hand; Takes With the Other
NAACP Says it's Time to End the Drug War; What About You?
US MD: Column: Pitts, Leonard Baltimore Sun 31 Jul 2011
also;Even the NAACP is Calling For An End to War on Drugs
US WA: Column: Pitts, Leonard Jr. Seattle Times 31 Jul 2011
Thank you Miss Rosa
* The Racist Ganjawar
* Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.,
and MMJ Prohibition
Combating Mass Incarceration - The Facts
The war on drugs has helped make the U.S. the world's largest incarcerator, but our addiction to incarceration is unfair, costs too much and doesn't make us safer.
Three Strikes - The Impact After More Than a Decade
* The Legal Evolution of California’s Three Strikes Law
* Impact of Three Strikes on the Criminal Justice System
* The Impact of Three Strikes on Public Safety
* Conclusion-The Future of Three Strikes
The Three Strikes Law is not a solution to crime.... by B. Cayenne Bird
There's a great deal of mass brainwash which happens when the news media prints the government press releases about crime statistics without ever mentioning the fact that they are useless. The public has been suckered with soundbites and statistics into thinking that crime is down because of Three Strikes, Mandatory Minimums, the Death Penalty and Prisons. Nothing is further from the truth.
Three strikes laws
Like drug law mandatory minimums these have been criticized for limiting the discretion of judges and the jury and disrupting the balance of power.
In 1994, California introduced a "three strikes law", which was the first mandatory sentencing law to gain widespread publicity. Similar laws were subsequently adopted in most United States jurisdictions. The law requires imprisonment for a minimum term of 25 years after a defendant is convicted of a third felony.
There is some evidence that criminals on their last strike are more desperate to escape from police and therefore more likely to attack police. This does not reveal whether or not the criminals in question were or were not more desperate and willing to kill prior to their last strike.
On November 7, 2000, 60.8% of the state's voters supported an amendment to the statute (offered in Proposition 36) that scaled it back by providing for drug treatment instead of life in prison for most of those convicted of possessing drugs after the amendment went into effect.
NRA Mandatory Minimum
WA Man Refuses Marijuana Fines, Chooses Jail
Speaking Truth to Power Works
by Giordano, stopthedrugwar.org August 06, 2011
Criminal Law Reform
The Criminal Law Reform Project seeks an end to excessively harsh crime policies that result in mass incarceration and stand in the way of a just and equal society. The Project works to reduce the number of people entering jails and prisons by reforming our nation's punitive drug policies and challenging police and prosecutorial misconduct and other governmental abuses of power.
Sentencing and Penalties
* 7/15/2011 Court Rejects Harsh Federal Drug Sentencing Guideline as Scientifically Unjustified
* 3/28/2011 ACLU Report Calls For Immediate Reform Of Mississippi Drug Enforcement System
* 1/18/2011 ACLU Files Commutation Petition On Behalf Of Man Serving Unjust Prison Sentence For Non-Violent Crime
* 12/17/2010 House Introduces Bill Allowing Challenges Of Unfair Crack Cocaine Sentences
* 12/3/2010 President Obama’s Exercise Of Pardon Power A Step In Right Direction
* 8/3/2010 President Obama Signs Bill Reducing Cocaine Sentencing Disparity
* 7/28/2010 President Obama Poised To Sign Bill Reducing Cocaine Sentencing Disparity After House Passage
* 5/27/2010 ACLU Advocates For Abolition Of Mandatory Minimums Before U.S. Sentencing Commission
* 9/4/2009 Arizona Urges Governor to Veto Bill Denying Benefits to Domestic Partners, Welfare Recipients
* 8/21/2009 Federal Court Signs Off On Agreement To Permanently Halt Random Teacher Drug Testing In West Virginia
* 1/21/1999 ACLU of Florida Defends Man Who "Just Said No" to Workplace Urine Test
U.S. prison population largest in world
Women in Prison
The Truth About Our Prisoners by Kay 'Grandma' Lee
US gulags: 'Large-scale preventive detention'
America's Private Gulag
Which justice system do we get?
A kinder, gentler fascism
Slave Labor Means Big Bucks For U.S. Corporations
'Relax Your Muscles as Much as Possible'
Slavery: Another Fine Product Still Made in the USA!
U.S. prison population largest in world
I Lost My Freedom and Can't Find It Anywhere! Linx
Journey for Justice Pedaling for Pot
Kochaine A.L.E.C. Drug Detention Centers
How You Can Boycott the Kochs
The November Coalition
Human Rights and the WoD
The Real Price of Prisons