Indigenous Environmental Network
"During the past years, many North American Indigenous communities and tribes have demonstrated unmet needs and concerns with unsustainable mining practices on and near Indigenous lands within North America. "Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Oct. 25, 2001
letter to Congress from Sec.of Interior, Gale Norton, on revised regulations governing hardrock mining on Public lands.
(.pdf format)

"The elders and national council of IEN approved the development of an education campaign that would educate ... on how U.S. President Bush's Energy Policy and Plan would affect Native peoples ... Historically, U.S. energy policies have been at the expense of Native peoples and our tribes.

Scientific evidence now suggests what indigenous peoples have expressed for a long time: life as we know it is in danger. ... "accumulation of greenhouses gases commits the sacred Earth irreversibly to further global climate change and consequent ecological, economic, social and spiritual disruption". Climate imbalance will cause the greatest suffering to the indigenous peoples and most pristine ecosystems globally.

Nuclear Free Indigenous Lands! "...opposed to any United States legislation, federal or state action, corporate and private or public activity that would allow the transportation, storage or production of spent nuclear fuel, high-level nuclear waste, and low-level radioactive waste within the traditional homelands of Turtle Island ...

""POPs ... man-made chemicals that are long-lived in the environment, accumulate in the body, and are toxic to a wide range of fish and wildlife as well as people. Although banned for use in many countries, they are still used in many developing nations -- and manufactured for export by some of the same countries that have banned them for use at home!

For many millennia, the Indigenous peoples have developed and refined traditional sustainable agriculture, maintained hunting, fishing, and gathering practices, developed animal husbandry, all based on Indigenous and local knowledge handed down through the generations. These practices have enabled our Indigenous communities to achieve sustainability and food security ...

Indigenous peoples are facing a new wave of colonization, this time at the molecular level. Advances in molecular biology have enabled scientists to identify unique genetic data in human DNA. Since indigenous populations represent a significant percentage of the world's human diversity, we are also priority subjects for scientific curiosity.

"Many areas of the United States considered holy by Native Americans -from sacred valleys to traditional burial grounds - are under threat ... Federal laws, aimed at protecting sites of religious or historic significance, often are being overlooked..."

Statement of the Indigenous Peoples Caucus that participated at the Second People of Color Environmental Leadership Summit, October 23-26, 2002, Washington, DC. ( in .pdf format )


Indigenous Mining Campaign Project
Native Energy
Global Warming & Climate Change

Toxics & POPs

Right to Food & Food Security
Sacred Lands/Enviro Issues

Pine Ridge 8
White Plumes Relinquish Hemp Crop
Sioux vs. DEA, Round Two
The War Against Hemp
The Drug War Comes To The Rez
Tribe Gets Hemp Gift
Give Us Back Our Hemp!
Marijuana Crops Raided

Report Links Herbicide Exposure To Illnesses Among Vietnam Veterans
Agent Orange, All Over Again
EPA Investigates Monsanto
Dow Brand Dioxin
(Greenpeace Report)
Full text of report

Hemp grows well without herbicides, fungicides, or pesticides. Almost half of the agricultural chemicals used on US crops are applied to cotton.

World cotton yearly uses 1/4 million tons of petro-sides.

Cotton Vital Statistics
Reprinted from the Spring 1996 Patagonia catalog

Percentage of worldwide insecticides used on cotton production 25%
Percentage of worldwide agricultural acreage in cotton production 0.5%
Average pounds of chemicals used on one acre of cotton in the US per year 4
Pounds of pesticides used in 1993 on US agriculture fields 811 million
Percentage of the world market in pesticides controlled by 10 companies 73%
Pesticide spilled into Sacramento River that killed fish within 20 miles / metam-sodium
Rank of metam-sodium among pesticides used in 1992 on California cotton / 2nd
Number of fatalities worldwide caused by accidental pesticide poisoning each year / 20,000
Number of worldwide non-fatal pesticide poisonings each year / 3,000,000
Year Silent Spring was published / 1962
Approximate percentage of change in pesticide use in the US since 1964 / +150%
Number of years cotton has been cultivated / 4,000
Number of years cotton has been cultivated with pesticides / 50
Number of pounds of organic cotton used in Patagonia clothes in 1996 / 500,000
Cost to Patagonia of organically-grown cotton vs. cost of conventional cotton / apx. 2:1

Do you know where your clothes were made?

Physicians for Social Responsibility

PSR's Environment and Health Program is tackling a variety of challenges to human health posed by environmental pollution. We offer resources and information for physicians, health professionals, and the general public on environmental health issues of concern, and bring the voice of the health care community to the forefront of environmental policy debates. Specifically, PSR's Environment and Health Program is: Pressing for policies to curb climate change, ensure clean air, and guarantee a sustainable energy future; Working to minimize toxic pollution of air, food and drinking water and prevent human exposures to toxic substances; Urging awareness about the emerging links between chronic disease and environmental factors;
Providing health care providers with resources that address their questions about environmental health; and, Offering valuable resources for patients and others about the need for a safer, healthier environment.

For more information contact:
Susan T. West, MPH
Director, Environment & Health Program
(202) 667-4260, ext. 224
fax: (202) 667-4201
email: [email protected]

Powered by Physicians for Social Responsibility
1875 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 1012
Washington, DC, 20009
December 2002/January 2003 Update

Envirohealth Action
Resources & Publications
EnviroHealthAction environmental health listservs, e-newsletters and online journals

The Dogs of War [pesticides; antibiotics]

Unlike cotton, hemp is a non-polluting crop that improves the health of the soil it is grown in. Every year, 250,000 tons of pesticides are used to grow cotton--as well as growth regulating and defoliant chemicals. All these chemicals wreak havoc on our environment, and are dangerous to human and animal health. Rain washes the chemicals into streams, rivers and lakes. Marine life is killed, habitats destroyed--and drinking water supplies for humans and
animals are contaminated. Today, traces of pesticides can be found in the drinking water of most large cities. Anyone who is considering hemp cotton blends should think carefully about these statistics. Better yet someone needs to develop a hemp/organic cotton blend. Using cotton is comparable to using polyester or nylon in terms of the pollution that is caused.

Hemp Clothing

Dangers Of Dioxin Exposures: Absorption Through The Skin

Potent Immune System Poison [dioxin]

Dioxin Causes Human Cancers
Dioxins And Cancer: Fraudulent Studies

Do Chemicals Diminish Masculinity? [endocrine disruptors]
Endocrine Disruptors--Part 1: Chemicals In Environment Affect Sexual Growth In Wildlife. And Humans?

How Toxic is Your Diet?
Environment; Action on Dioxins in Food.

Hemp Food Association

Hemp grain is the most nutritionally complete seed on the planet for human consumption. Each hemp seed contains 25% protein. This protein is more easily digestible than the protein in soybeans because it contains a perfect ratio of essential fatty acids (EFA's). EFA's are important for strengthening your immune system and protecting you from disease. Fish oil and flax oil are also high in EFA's, but hemp contains the most perfect ratio of EFA's for human consumption. Hemp grain is also high in iron and calcium and is an excellent source of dietary fiber

Study Of Dioxin-Exposed Humans Reveals Cancer, Birth Defects
Nationwide Dioxin Campaign
Dioxin Inquisition
Turning Point for the Chemical Industry [dioxin]
Taking the Handle Off the Chlorine Pump

Hawaian Industrial Hemp Report
Industrial hemp produces three main raw materials: bast fiber, hurds, and seeds. Using these three ingredients in different manners make industrial hemp a versatile product. Moreover, all hemp-based products, including plastics, are biodegradable.

Army Opens A Front [chemical weapons incinerators]

Crank Hypocrisy
From the Drug Enforcement Agency we hear that speed can lead to "addiction, psychotic behavior, and brain damage...Chronic use can cause violent behavior, anxiety, confusion, insomnia, auditory hallucinations, mood disturbances, delusions, and paranoia." Sounds like terrible stuff, right? Not if you listen to the U.S. Air Force. As it happens, American flyboys are given dextroamphetaminea drug the DEA compares to methamphetamine and which military personnel affectionately refer to as "go pills"to help them fight battle fatigue and stay knife-edge sharp during their long and difficult shifts.

Dioxin Detoxification Campaign [paper industry]

Pulp & Paper: The earth's premier renewable resource

While forests diminish worldwide prices and demand for fiber are skyrocketing. A plant cultivated by our founding fathers may be the solution to our growing fiber shortage. Imagine a crop more versatile than the soybean, the cotton plant, and the Douglas fir put together . . . one that grows like Jack's beanstalk with minimal tending. There is such a crop: industrial hemp.

Popular Science: Material: Paper without trees
Paper doesn't grow on trees, according to activist-businessman Paul Stanford. The founder of Tree-Free Ecopaper prefers making paper for printing and writing from high-fiber weeds. Plants such as hemp produce more usable fiber per acre than trees and are naturally pest-resistant.
Hemp paper is easily bleached with peroxide instead of chlorine. And because it's acid-free, the paper doesn't yellow or crumble for hundreds of years.

HEMP The Hardy Paper Crop
A Venerable Fiber Source for an Ecologically Sound Future

EPA: Dioxin Damages Human Immune System
EPA: New Picture of Dioxin's Toxicity Emerges
A Tale Of Science And Industry [dioxin]

Industrial Hemp

GEO cotton vs hemp
Rearview Mirror
59 Years Ago: Hoping to find a way to avoid the effects of a steel shortage, Ford Motor Co. unveils a version of its standard production car with experimental composite body panels reportedly made from compressed soybean material. (Other reports indicate that the 'soybean'
car's body panels were made from synthetic resin reinforced with material derived from hemp and spruce pulp).

Our Stolen Future (the webpage continues where the book left off)
Center for Health, Environment & Justice (CHEJ) [formerly the Citizen's Clearinghouse for Hazardous Waste (CCHW)]
CHEJ's Dioxin Homepage

The worst toxics in our environment today are known as POPs,

The Truth about PVC Recycling (fact sheet)
Suppliers of PVC-free Building Materials (fact sheet)

Eco-friendly hemp can replace most toxic petrochemical products. Research is being done to use hemp in manufacturing biodegradable plastic products: plant-based cellophane, recycled
plastic mixed with hemp for injection-molded products, and resins made from the oil, to name just a very few examples.

Toxic Toy Story (fact sheet)
PVC: The Poison Plastic (fact sheet)

POPs Glossary of Terms (fact sheet)
Plastics 101: A Glossary of Terms (fact sheet)
The Failed Promise of PVC Recycling (fact sheet)
Dioxin: From Cradle to Grave (factsheet) pdf

Chlorine Chemistry Deadly from Start to Finish
Chlorine chemistry is one of the primary sources of POPs in the environment. The largest use if chlorine (37% in the U.S.) is for the manufacture of PVC plastic. Chlorine is also used to make dry cleaning solvents, agricultural chemicals and paper. Only a small portion of chlorine is used for disinfecting water and for consumer bleaching products. The big four chlorine manufacturers in the U.S. are Dow, Occidental, PPG and Formosa...

PVC (polyvinyl chloride) commonly known as "vinyl" - is used in many products you encounter every day. It is the most environmentally damaging of all plastics. PVC threatens our health at every stage of its existence, and it is responsible for a large portion of the dioxin contamination in our environment today. PVC plastic is all around us, but even though the PVC industry grows, more and more people are determined to prevent it from spewing dioxin in their neighborhoods. The recent case of Shintech exemplifies how Greenpeace and local citizens are taking action to stop the production of PVC.

Toxic Toys
Because children are particularly susceptible to toxic contamination, PVC children's toys can pose a hazard to children's health. Since the summer of 1996, Greenpeace asked toy manufacturers to reveal the ingredients in children's toys made from PVC. With few exceptions, toy makers have refused to disclose this information. Click here for a chronology of Greenpeace actions on vinyl toys.
The analysis revealed that most soft vinyl toys contained toxic softening agents called phthalates, which can be ingested by children if the toy is sucked or chewed. Many vinyl children's products also contained dangerous levels of lead and cadmium. See Greenpeace's bulletin: Toxic Toy Story in English or Spanish and Greenpeace's report Lead and Cadmium in Vinyl Children's Products for more information. To learn more about phthalates, see Greenpeace's report Summary of Study: Determination of the Composition and Quantity of Phthalate Ester Additives in PVC Children's Toys. Read Greenpeace's 2000 Toy Report Card on toy manufacturers and retailers.

Pulp and Paper

Historically, the pulp and paper industry has relied heavily on chlorine. While pulp and paper mills have been forced to clean up their acts to some degree since the early 1990s, the paper industry is still the largest source of organochlorine pollution - toxic substances containing chemically combined chlorine and carbon -- into waterways. Pulp and paper mills contaminate fish and aquatic ecosystems with toxic run-off, which in turn affects the humans that consume marine life.

Hemp paper
Hemptech Links

The Battle of Bulletin 404
How World War I Cost Us Hemp & the Forests
Schlichten had thoroughly studied many kinds of plants used for paper, among them corn, cotton, yucca, and Espana bacata. Hemp, it seemed, was his favorite: "The hemp hurd is a practical success and will make paper of a higher grade than ordinary news stock," he stated. His hemp paper was even better than that produced for USDA Bulletin 404, he claimed, because the decorticator eliminated the retting process, leaving behind short fibers and a natural glue that held the paper together. At 1917 levels of hemp production Schlichten anticipated making 50,000 tons of paper yearly at a retail price of $25 a ton. This was less than 50 percent of the price of newsprint at the time! And every acre of hemp turned to paper, Schlichten added, would preserve five acres of forest.

Dry Cleaning

Did you know that when your suit is at the dry cleaners, that garment is usually being "cleaned" with a toxic chemical that can damage your health? The culprit is perchloroethylene, called "perc," and it has been linked to a variety of human health problems. Perc is known to attack the central nervous system and can lead to headaches, nausea, dizziness and memory problems, as well as reproductive and developmental problems. Among female dry cleaning workers, studies have shown a risk of miscarriage that is three to four times above normal. Other effects such as birth defects and hyperactivity are being researched in exposed offspring. People who live near dry cleaning operations are also at risk. Recent studies have estimated that people who live in buildings with dry cleaning plants can face significantly higher risks of esophageal and liver cancers, and those ingesting perc in their water could face higher risks of leukemia, colon cancer and breast cancer. One risk analysis by the Consumers Union even showed a higher cancer risk for people who wear dry-cleaned clothes regularly. For additional information about the hazards of dry cleaning: Read the Greenpeace report Dressed to Kill.
For alternatives to dry cleaning, see the solutions section.
Dry Cleaning Chemical Linked to Hundreds of Deaths
Warrants EPA Listing as Carcinogen (11 July 2001)
Read "Out Of Fashion" our latest report on the toxic wash (179 Kb pdf)
Read "What's In: What's Out" our latest report card on dry cleaning methods in the U.S.
Read the latest report on air pollution emitted from power plants and its effect on children.

Using Indicators to Measure Progress on Children's Environmental Health:
A report on environmental health concerns in developing nations that examines how doctors and health professionals can help to develop and track specific environmental health indicators such as indoor and outdoor air quality, drinking water, lead, POPs, and vector borne diseases. Co-Sponsored by PSR, INCHES, ISDE, UNICEF, UNEP, and WHO.
Cancer and the Environment, a new primer that examines the links between harmful environmental exposures and some types of cancers.

Help PSR Fight Preemptive War in Iraq

Dioxin Homepage

Dioxins in Cotton Cloth

childrens environmental health
air pollution and health
climate change, energy and health
safe drinking water
chronic disease and the environment

Economics: Energy, Environment and Commerce

A Brief Summary of the Uses of Hemp

land use and public health
vulnerable populations

Drinking Water: Are there contaminants in your drinking water? EPA has a helpful brochure on preventing exposures from contaminants in household wells. Download it from our Source Water page. www.envirohealthaction.or.../index.cfm

Toxics and Health: A new report provides a review of pollution data and current knowledge of the health effects of toxic chemicals.

Chronic Disease and the Environment: CDC announced the funding of health tracking pilot projects for 20 states and cities and three schools of public health.

Tell your Senators to protect public health and homeland security. Take Action...

Join the EnviroHealthAction Network

No Blood for Oil! International Call for Peace on February 4th No Blood for Oil has resonance and power because it holds more than a grain of truth when talking about any proposed military action in Iraq. Is the Bush administration's push for war with Iraq motivated by its desire to gain control of Iraq's oil fields? To mirror what an oil industry consultant bluntly admitted: "Of course it is. No doubt."

Tell the Forest Service the "Healthy Forest Initiative" is Un-Healthy! Exploiting the wildfires of 2002, the Healthy Forest Initiative (HFI) seeks to increase commercial logging in U.S. National Forests. The HFI proposes some drastic changes that if put into effect could eliminate virtually any opportunity for the public to comment on or appeal destructive logging projects that Greenpeace and others have fought so hard to end.

Building Materials & Housing

Because one acre of hemp produces as much cellulose fiber pulp as 4.1 acres of trees,* hemp is the perfect material to replace trees for pressed board, particle board and for concrete construction molds.
*Dewey & Merrill, Bulletin #404, United States Dept. of Agriculture, 1916.

Practical, inexpensive fire-resistant construction material, with excellent thermal and sound-insulating qualities, is made by heating and compressing plant fibers to creat strong construction paneling, replacing dry wall and plywood. William B. Conde of Conde's Redwood Lumber, Inc. near Eugene, Oregon, in conjunction with Washington State University (1991-1993), has demonstrated the superior strength, flexibility, and economy of hemp composite building materials compared to wood fiber, even as beams.

Isochanvre, a rediscovered French building material made from hemp hurds mixed with lime, actually petrifies into a mineral state and lasts for many centuries. Archeologists have found a bridge in the south of France, from the Merovingian period (500-751 A.D.), built with this process. (See Chenevotte habitat of Rene, France in Appendix I.)

Hemp has been used throughout history for carpet backing. Hemp fiber has potential in the manufacture of strong, rot resistant carpeting - eliminating the poisonous fumes of burning synthetic materials in a house or commercial fire, along with allergic reactions associated with new synthetic carpeting.

Plastic plumbing pipe (PVC pipes) can be manufactured using renewable hemp cellulose as the chemical feedstocks, replacing non-renewable coal or petroleum-based chemical feedstocks.

So we can envision a house of the future built, plumbed, painted and furnished with the world's number-one renewable resource - hemp.

Pulp & Paper: The earth's premier renewable resource
While forests diminish worldwide prices and demand for fiber are skyrocketing. A plant cultivated by our founding fathers may be the solution to our growing fiber shortage. Imagine a crop more versatile than the soybean, the cotton plant, and the Douglas fir put together . . . one that grows like Jack's beanstalk with minimal tending. There is such a crop: industrial hemp.

Global Clearcutting Statistics
2.47 acres/sec
150 acres/minute
214,000 acres/day
78 million acres/year

Greenpeace Cuts Military Supply Chain to War on Iraq Southampton, England, January 27, 2003 The Greenpeace flag ship,the Rainbow Warrior, blocked the departure of UK military supply vessels heading for the Gulf today. The Rainbow Warrior occupied the Marchwood Military port in Southampton, on the South coast of England by dropping anchor and blocking the exit, while Greenpeace climbers attached themselves to the loading crane and anchor chain of the supply ship the Magdelena Green.

Greenpeace Continues to Pressure Dow Around The World to Clean Up Bhopal

Drumbeat for Mother Earth: Many scientists and tribal people consider POPs to be the greatest threat to the long-term survival of Indigenous Peoples.
To order a copy of the video, visit

Dumping Five Tons of Coal: On April 17th, activists dumped five tons of coal coal and oil drums at the Vice Presidents residence to protest the Bush-Cheney energy plan. They held a banner reading "Stop the Bush/Cheney Energy Scam: America Needs Clean Power Now."

A few places you are likely to find PVC: shower curtains, shampoo bottles, toys, purses
inflatables, waterproof bedding, building materials, siding for homes, pipes, flooring, packaging
home furnishings, automobile parts, hospital supplies

Hemp Products

Top U.S. Chlorine Manufacturers
Dow, OxyChem, PPG Industries, Formosa Plastics, Olin, OxyVinyls, Vulcan, Pioneer, Georgia Gulf, Bayer, Sunbelt, La Roche, Elf Atochem, HoltraChem, Westlake

Assassins of Youth Sponsors. Who's really behind the Brainwasher Partnerships? The Same...

Top U.S. PVC Manufacturers
OxyVinyls, Shintech, Formosa Plastics, Georgia Gulf, Borden Chemicals, Westlake Polymers, Certain Teed, Union Carbide, Keysor-Century

Top U.S. Vinyl Chloride Monomer Producers
OxyVinyls (Geon and OxyChem), Dow Chemical, Georgia Gulf, Formosa Plastics, Westlake. Oxymar (Oxychem and Marubeni), Borden Chemicals and Plastics, PPH Monomer (PPG and Georgia Gulf)

Indigenous Environmental Network - National Office
P.O. Box 485
Bemidji, Minnesota 56619 - USA
Tel: +1 218 751 4967
Fax: +1 218 751 0561
email: [email protected]

Indigenous Mining Campaign Project
Indigenous Environmental Network / Project Underground
1916A Martin Luther King Jr. Way
Berkeley, California 94704 - USA
Tel: + 1 510 705 8981,
Fax: + 1 510 705 8983
email: [email protected]
Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) Campaign - Alaska Region:
Indigenous Environmental Network/ Alaska
Community Action on Toxics Office
135 Christiansen Drive,
Anchorage, Alaska 99501 - USA
Tel: + 1 907 222-7714,
Fax: + 1 907 222-7715
email: [email protected]

POPs) Campaign - Lower 48 USA: National IEN Office address and Tel.
( listed at top of left column ) email: [email protected]

Michele "Shelly" Vendiola
Campaign and Training Program Director
Indigenous Environmental Network - Bellingham
2100 Electric Avenue, #415
Bellingham, WA 98229-4556
Phone: 360-202-5610
Email: [email protected]